WINTER 2014 / VOL. 14 ISSUE 1
Prof. Christine Kinealy of Quinnipiac University told me of how,
" . . .when the potato failed for the second time in 1846 a number of Quakers in Ireland, followed by Quakers in England and Quakers in America decided to do something in the way of direct intervention. And they started to fund-raise . . ."
In November, 1846, Dublin Quaker Joseph Bewley wrote to Quakers all over Ireland pointing out the seriousness of the situation.
I found from Rob Goodbody’s book, A Suitable Channel, Quaker Relief in the Great Famine, that the Quakers brought 294 Famine pots into Ireland in the 1840s. Goodbody wrote, "The first major shipment of supplies received from Great Britain in February 1847 included a consignment of soup boilers. These were landed at various places along the west coast, the largest number, 10, going to Killybegs. The supply of boilers was greatly enhanced by the donation of no less than 56 of them from the Quaker iron manufacturers, Abraham and Alfred Darby of the Coalbrookdale Iron Company." Over the period of the Famine, the Quakers supplied pots to 27 counties.
At one stage, at Templecrone, Co. Donegal, there were in operation four Famine-pots, being used twice a day to give out 600 gallons of soup at a cost to the local organizers of £2 10s.
Goodbody, with typical Quaker humility, insisted that the Quakers weren’t the only group to provide relief. But his book gives facts and figures to indicate that their humanity, generosity and organizational skills saved tens, if not hundreds, of thousands from the mass-grave.
While, despite the efforts of kind landlords such as John Hamilton, Donegal was the hardest hit of any county in Ulster and there was severe hardship in other parts of the country. Dr. Ciaran Reilly of NUI Maynooth indicated that the Quakers played a big part in the Midlands.
"Without them the number of deaths would have been far greater," said Reilly, adding that as the famine progressed other people, ". . . both Catholic and Protestant" became involved in the provision of relief and that some of those set out to line their own pockets. Reilly pointed out that in the process, those unscrupulous people added ingredients not fit for human consumption to the soup. It was at times described as "poison."
The government didn’t want to give food free because they thought it would make people lazy, so it set up Public Work Schemes. This involved starving peasants, during the harshest winter for a hundred years, doing heavy manual work for pennies, building roads "going nowhere " and "famine-walls."
It didn’t work and in 1847, the government decided to allow more soup-kitchens, modeled on what the Quakers had already done. But, Prof. Kinealy says, the government, " . . . hadn’t really thought it through." Once again, the Quakers came to the rescue and brought in "hundreds of cauldrons."
Historian Fr. Anthony Gaughan told how the Presentation Sisters at their convent in Listowel fed the starving people of North Kerry during the 1840s. He said, "So, if you are asking about Famine-pots and soup-kitchens, you could say they were in the Presentation Convent in Listowel."
A documentary is now being made about the whole soup-kitchen/Famine-pot
aspect of the Irish Famine. The film is due out in early 2014 and it has
been endorsed by Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaelteacht Jimmy Deenihan
who is chair of the National Famine Commemoration Committee.
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